During a professional hockey game, Winston, a player for the Rush, collides with Bowzer, a player for the Eagles and falls, hitting his head hard against the ice. Dazed, Winston tells his coach that he thinks he might have a concussion. The coach orders him to “man up” and get back in the game. Winston suffers a second collision with Bowzer and is removed from the game unconscious. He is later diagnosed with a brain injury.
Brett, who also plays for the Rush, watches Winston being removed from the game unconscious. As soon as his teammate is off the ice, Brett swings his stick at Bowzer but misses. Bowzer then jumps Brett and slams him into the ice. Reid, another Rush player, then cross-checks Bowzer and kicks him on the top of the helmet.
Which tort(s) did Bowzer commit, if any? Which tort(s) did Brett commit, if any? Which tort(s) did Reid commit, if any? What are the elements of each tort that you think has been committed and how to the elements apply to each of the individual’s actions? Are there any defenses to any of the actions? If so, why do you think these defenses apply?